This story contains language that may be offensive to some viewers. The Sauk County Historical Society does not condone the use of this language but includes it as an accurate reflection of society in the time it was written.
The First Permanent Resident in Baraboo
Paper Read Before the Sauk County Historical Society, Monday evening, November 29, 1909, by H.E. Cole.
Abe Wood was a Kentuckian, his wife was a Winnebago squaw. He was an adventurer, she was a child of the wilderness. It was Abraham Wood who first established a home at Baraboo, then on the outer rim of civilization. Abe Wood’s wants were few and simple; in manners and customs he was but slightly in advance of the Indians amongst whom he associated during much of his life. It was only the mere accident of his being the first to bring a family to Baraboo to establish a home that has led to a perpetuation of his name in the chapters of local history.
Just when Wood came to the territory of Wisconsin is not recorded, nor is it known from whence he journeyed. He was probably born in Kentucky. He came to Illinois possibly because a brother resided there. About 1836 or 1837 he is first mentioned in the local history of Madison and Portage. Black Hawk had been driven from Illinois, past the Madison lakes and across Sauk County to his defeat and doom on the banks of the Mississippi only a short time before. Like thousands of others Wood probably followed the fading of the war cloud for the Indians were subdued and there was an opportunity for speculation and adventure. Wood’s friend, Wallace Rowan, was in this region before the Indian war and possibly Wood was in the territory also, but if so he left no record behind.
Kills an Indian
John T. De La Ronde and others record that Abe Wood kept a grog shop at Portage and that White Pawnee came to the place to get some liquor by force, with his knife in his hand. Wood was a very strong man and pushed the Indian and struck him with a club. White Pawnee’s skull was broken and he fell dead. White Pawnee was sometimes called Vane Blanc. Pawnee was an Indian tribe on the Missouri and Platte rivers; however, as this was the tribe from which captives were frequently made, the term “Pawnee”, called “Pania” by the French, came to mean any Indian slave or servant. Probably Pania Blanc was the son of some such captive mother, who White Crow, his father, had married according to the Indian custom. The use of the term, “White Pawnee”, may indicate that the mother was some white woman captured or brought into servitude. The term might readily have been used for any fancied lightness of complexion or peculiarity. The dead Indian was the son of White Crow, a conspicuous figure in the Black Hawk war.
As soon as the deed had been committed the Indians collected around Wood’s place to butcher him in their own way. De La Ronde made a road through them to Wood’s habitation for his protection. The next day De La Roade advised Wood to go to Henry Merrill, a justice of the peace in Portage, and give himself up. Wood replied that Merrill had advised him to run off. Merrill, however, did issue a warrant at the request of the subagent, Thomas Buoy, which was served by Satterlee Clark, who overtook Wood at Springer’s and brought him back to the portage. Wood was sent to Green Bay for trial, but the grand jury did not find a bill against him.
White Pawnee was buried in a large conical mound five or six feet high at the city end of the Wisconsin River Bridge. Afterwards the mound was graded down for street improvement but whether or not the bones of White Pawnee came to the surface is not known.
Marries a Squaw
The killing of the Indian probably resulted in Abe Wood taking the daughter of Chief DeKaury for his wife. John L. Rowin, who now resides in Wonewoc, says that on account of Wood killing an Indian at Portage that he had to marry the squaw to save his life. It may have been a romance as it was with John Smith down in Virginia.
Mrs. Wood was partly white. In that early day the races were much mixed, French and Winnebago especially, and in some degree, American and Winnebago also. All the DeKaury’s were descended from a half breed. The original DeKaury was a fur trader on Doty’s Island, located at Neenah, and married the daughter of the Winnebago village chief at that place. He left a large progeny, when, summoned to defend New France he went to the lower colonies and was mortally wounded at Quebec, April 28, 1760. He died of his wounds at Montreal soon after.
Now Mrs.Wood was the daughter of one of the numerous DeKaurys, partly white, and quite likely her mother was a half breed. The degree of relationship cannot definitely be determined.
In this case there was probably no ceremony. That was the custom then. It is recorded that after Wood and his wife came to Baraboo that they were legally married by Eben Peck, a justice of the peace.
Abe Wood’s wife was called Sarah. Previous to her marriage to Wood she had a Frenchman for a husband and there was a daughter named Hannah, aged 10 years, born on the Rock River. This daughter became one of the family and was known as Hannah Wood. Unions between whites and Indians by mutual consent was a common occurrence in those days. Philip Covalle, Joseph Pelkie, Michael St. Cyr, Oliver Ermell and Lavec all resided on the Madison lakes, and all had Indian women for wives. Like Wood three of them were married in the presence of their children after the advent of a justice of the peace.
Resides Near Madison
Wood and his wife were residing at Winnequa on the south shore of Lake Monona early in 1837. His home was on the northeast fractional quarter of section 19, which contains 52 acres. The place has been variously known as “Old Indian Garden,” “Wood’s Point,” “Strawberry Point,” “Squaw Point,” and now Winnequah. The first name was derived from the fact that the Indians cultivated the land there before the advent of the whites.
While residing here in the early months of 1837 Wood assisted two Frenchmen, Joe Pelkie and Lavec, in building the first house in Madison. It was occupied by Eben Peck and family also early settlers in Baraboo.
When Simeon Mills came to Madison from Chicago by the way of Janesville he crossed the Catfish three times and finally landed at Winnequah. Here he found Wood and through him was able to bargain with two Indian boys for 50 cents apiece to carry him across the lake to Madison, a favor which he was unable to persuade the boys to do before.
While Wood lived across the lake from Madison he kept a little store and traded with the Indians. He no doubt knew where the sunfish bedded and the deer came down to drink.
Here, in the humble cabin on “Squaw Point,” March 7, 1837, Margaret, his only daughter, was born.
Voted in Madison
George W. Stoner, who came to Madison from Euclid, (Cleveland) O., September 6, 1837, as a child of six, remembers Abe Wood.
“O, yes,” said he, “he was tall, as I recall, with rather light hair. He kept a sort of store, at least a dickering place, at Strawberry Point, on the east shore of Lake Monona. I think that was about 1839. My recollection is not distinct, and I cannot be certain even as to the store. May be I am in error about that,” and the venerable man paused as if in doubt. “Wood was between 30 and 40 years of age, I should think. At that time Strawberry Point was a favorite camp-ground of the Indians. Often I have seen as many as a thousand, representing five tribes.”
More than this Mr. Stoner cannot say respecting Wood, but the poll-book for the election of May 6, 1839, contains the name of “Abraham Wood,” and is No. 55 in a total registration of 76, which of course represents the electorate of 70 years ago of what is now the Wisconsin capital with a population of 30,000.
Sometime during 1837, probably late in the fall, Wood moved to Baraboo. Just how the family came is not known. Horses were few in those days and the trip was probably by ox team or by ponies carrying their household burdens on their backs. The family no doubt came by the way of Blue Mounds and crossed the Wisconsin River at Sauk City, where James S. Alban had already established himself.
The Lodestone at Baraboo
The chance for water power and quick riches was the lodestone that drew Wood to the Baraboo rapids. Two years before the Winnebago Indians had ceded to the government all their land east of the Mississippi, which included the present location of Baraboo. This land was not to be occupied by the whites for several years. Very soon after the treaty, however, Archibald Barker and Andrew Dunn came across the country from Mineral Point to lay claim to choice locations at the rapids. Here at the site of an old Indian corn field they commenced the erection of a cabin, but when the walls of the shanty had reached the dignity of five or six feet in height, a party of Indians appeared and demanded that the newcomers leave immediately. The irate savages gave vent to their disapproval by tearing down the log shanty and thus vanished the golden visioned dream of the adventurers. Eben Peck laid claim to the land at the lower rapids of the Baraboo about the time Wood came but he did not bring his family here until sometime afterward. Wood was followed by Wallace Rowan, the first settler in Columbia County, and a resident of Dane county before the Black Hawk war. Previous to the coming of Wood, Jean Baribault had trapped and fished along the stream which bears his name. When Wood built his first campfire in the sound of the falling waters of the river, his nearest neighbors to the east were at Portage and to the south at Sauk City. To the last named place James S. Alban had brought his family across the Wisconsin River on the ice the winter before. Wood probably came in the fall of 1838, and Rowan came in the following January. When Rowan moved from Poynette to Baraboo it was in midwinter and the family almost perished from exposure.
Wood built his cabin on the bank of the Baraboo River just west of the house on the Ochsner place at the end of Seventh Avenue, and Wallace Rowan put up his home of logs near the road in front of the location of the present residence of James H. Hill between Baraboo and Lyons.
The first house in Baraboo erected by Wood may have been as large as 12x12 feet. There was half a window and the drippings from the roof fell to the east and west. The house was not large but big enough for four. There was a stick chimney laid up with mud made from a bank of clay. There was a floor of dirt, a board door and a few wooden pegs to hang things on. The material cost nothing as trees were free and hardware was not essential. As to the out of doors there was much to spare in Wisconsin at that time.
The First Dam
Wood and Rowan made a claim to the land where the Island woolen mill now stands and they built the first dam in the Baraboo River just north of where the mill is located. A portion of the dam has survived the frosts and floods to this day. They made but little progress with the mill until the fall of the next year. Capt. Levi Moore had arrived in the meantime with a set of tools and assisted in the completion of the improvement. In June, 1844, came the flood which carried away the mill and all the logs toward the Gulf of Mexico. Abe Wood’s daughter, Mrs. Margaret Gardner, now residing at Wayne, Nebraska, says that she can remember sitting on the river bank with her Indian mother and sister and see the mill go down. Rowan sold his interest in the dam site to Captain Moore and Wood disposed of his interest to Henry Perry and Moses Nuff.
Only a few months ago Mrs. Margaret Wood Perry Gardner visited Baraboo and the scenes of her childhood. She rode about the place and noted that practically everything was changed. The deep woods along the thoroughfares to the west were cut away, Indian trails were paved roads and houses dotted the landscape. The only thing she could recognize at her old home and where the first log cabin stood was the bend in the river.
Wood built a log cabin across the river to the south of the location of the Island Woolen mill and moved his family there. He also lived for a time near the Maxwell dam at the foot of Mound Street. He occupied the days in hunting, fishing, rafting on the river and converting odd jobs into cash.
In 1845 Wood was one of a committee to select a site for the county seat of Sauk County. Besides Wood the committee was composed of Captain Levi Moore, W.H. Canfield, Thomas Remington, Edward Rendtorff and Count Harasthy. The last two were Saukites. While on the expedition the provisions became exhausted and failing to get game the party was without food for two days. They had about concluded to kill and eat a dog that bore them company, so the records state, when Captain Moore was fortunate enough to shoot a deer which supplied them with an abundance of food. The committee reported that this section of Sauk County was habitable and the county seat was afterward located at Baraboo.
Warner and Palmer once had a store on Third avenue where the Stanley Company is now located, and E.W. Palmer of the above named firm relates that during the ‘50’s they had a surplus of potatoes when spring came. A barge was built 70 feet long and 10 feet wide, and Wood took the load down the Baraboo River and the Wisconsin and Mississippi river pilots afterwards saw that the craft was safely landed in St. Louis. While the venture was like finding the pot of gold at the end of a rainbow yet Wood engineered the deal successfully so far as the transportation was concerned.
Mr. Palmer said that Wood assisted in making good terms with the Indians. He bought furs but if the Indians would to sell to him he would persuade them to sell to the Baraboo firm. In those days there were many Indian dances at Delton and Wood with his family was usually there.
Defies the Officers
Dr. B.F. Mills relates that one time when Abe Wood was wanted by the officers for some offense, he took refuge in the Western Hotel, which stood where the Reinking block is now located. Wood held the officers at bay and the villagers gathered about the building to see the fun. Henry A. Chapman, who then resided where the Corner Drug Store now is located, came forward and boldly arrested Wood. Ever after Chapman took much credit for the act that he performed for the officers.
Hon. J.S. Tripp of Prairie du Sac relates an interesting incident concerning the life of Abe Wood. On one of his rafting trips down the Wisconsin River he stopped at Prairie du Sac and while at the Stamates & Fief hotel a man rushed in and said there was a bear near town. It appears that Thomas Tabor and a companion were making hay when they noticed a bear trying to get over the rail fence into the field where they were. Tabor rushed to the fence and when the animal attempted to get over he would thrust it with his fork. His companion hurried into town and gave the alarm. Amongst the first on the scene was Abe Wood of Baraboo. The animal was duly killed and the hide was removed. Abe Wood shouldered the skin and walked away. Tabor was a large man and after thinking the matter over decided the bear hide was his. He walked down to the hotel, spread the skin upon the floor, stepped upon it and said: “If anyone has a better claim to this hide than I have let him take it.” Although Wood was as strong as a giant he did not attempt to take the skin away.
One of the first Fourth of July celebrations in this region was held at Skillet Falls in a grove west of the present Astle and Hill home. All the people roundabout were invited there. Abe Wood with his dusky wife and two daughters were in the company. In arranging the picnic table the wife of Abe Wood was accidentally forgotten by the master of ceremonies. The little oversight was laid by Wood at the feet of our venerable and highly respected W. H. Canfield, Wood was usually fair-minded and believed that all should be treated fairly. It mattered not as to race, color or previous condition of servitude. One day not long afterward Wood and Mr. Canfield accidentally met at Count Harasthy’s little grocery store at the foot of the hill on Potter street, where the mill race cuts the thoroughfare. Probably Wood was in high spirits as the result of mingling with the spirits contained in some of the Count’s flasks and demijohns. Be that as it may Mr. Canfield made haste to the home of Eben Peck hard by. The Peck residence was one of those double log houses with an open way between, and the roof extending over the whole. The pursued ran in at one entrance and out at the other. The pursuer was not far behind and when he reached the house soon made his errand known. Mrs. Peck told Wood that the person he sought was not there but this was seriously doubted by the anxious searcher. Wood had a persistent corpuscle in his blood and dashed into one part of the cabin, then into the other, and not finding the one sought jumped upon the table standing in the open space between the two parts of the domicile. It was just after meal time on that summer day, and the remnants of the repast were there as left by the members of the family. Wood walked back and forth amongst the dishes before the very eyes of Mrs. Peck, who was powerless to prevent. He was a giant among pigmies. Cups, tumblers and pepper boxes were demolished by his boots beyond hope. The language he uttered was enough to turn day into night. Afterwards Captain Levi Moore paid for the broken china.
On another occasion he was impressed with the idea that one of his daughters did not receive proper attention at one of the dancing parties at the Baraboo House on Linn street, and to give vent to his pent up feelings he waded along the dining table carrying destruction at every step.
Wood was an early inhabitant of the first Sauk county jail, which resembled a dry goods box and was surrounded by a high wooden fence. He was incarcerated for attempting to shoot Henry A. Chapman and soon after being locked up raised a portion of the loose floor and dug his way out.
An Unusual Circumstance
As will be seen by the foregoing Wood was peaceable enough when sober but when tipsy he went about the country in a lawless way, helping himself to anything he desired and taking vengeance on those whom he did not like. One night he entered a cabin belonging to a family by the name of Webster, and carried off a keg of beer. He was discovered in that act by Mrs. Webster, who grabbed him in the back by his shirt, he being coatless, and demanded that he should relinquish the beer. This he showed no inclination of doing, and her grip being a firm one he dragged her to a considerable distance, bawling out the while at the top of his voice: “Keep fast hold, madam, and I’ll take you straight to h—l.”
His taking of a Mississippi river steamboat at an early day is quite amusing and shows the fearlessness of his nature. He and three others who styled themselves the “Baraboo Rushers,” took passage on a steamboat for St. Louis. On the way one of the boatmen took ill with cholera, which was raging at the time. The idea of cholera on board caused much consternation and it was decided to leave the sick man on shore. But none of the crew would venture near him, so great was their fear of the disease. Then up spoke Abe, “Give us a blanket and we, the “Baraboo Rushers,” will take him ashore. We ain’t afered of man or devil, much less a grip in the stomach.” A blanket was furnished, and at the next landing four men took the victim off, carrying him straight to the hotel. “We want a bed for a sick man,” said Abe. “Beds all full” was the reply. “Show me one, I’ll empty it d____ quick,” retorted Abe: but the landlord was not disposed to do so. Meanwhile the captain, considering that the Baraboo Rushers were exposed to the infection, concluded it was his time to get rid of them; and without a touch of the bell put the boat out from the landing and continued his journey. The Rushers, seeing the state of affairs, dropped the sick man on the hotel porch and started after the boat. They were all good swimmers and in a very short time they “overhauled her.” To say they were angry does not half express what their feelings were. As soon as they touched the deck Abe began to swear and such swearing even those boatmen had never heard. He cursed all the crew from the highest to the lowest, up and down, and every other way. At last the captain threatened to put him ashore. This was a signal for a row. The Rushers were armed after the manner of back woodsmen, with tomahawks, knives and revolvers. Flourishing these, they sprang forward for battle. The suddenness of the attack and the daring of the men so surprised the captain and the crew that they surrendered without a struggle. When he had them completely at his mercy, Able flourished his tomahawk over the captain’s head and cried, “We do not want your d___d rickety boat, but we intend to teach you that the Baraboo Rushers are not to be trifled with. This craft never lands again until we say so, nor starts until we get ready. If that don’t suit you we’ll run her to h__l in spite of you.” The captain was very willing to agree to the terms, and for the remainder of the trip the Rushers had things their own way.
Big Heart Under Rough Crust
Mrs. Jennie Clark Van Orman of Omaha has written the following to Mrs. J.G. Train of Baraboo which shows that evidently under the rough crust there was a big heart:
“Indeed we did know Old Abe Wood. He used to come to our house very often, and he was quite a character. A very large man, over six feet in his stockings, dark, with large, dark, kindly eyes, a tower of strength physically and ready to fight for the friends. As he was sometimes given to drink, he was liable to be put to bad uses by immoral people who used his strength to gratify their desires for revenge.
“He was fond of children and I can well remember how he used to seat me on his shoulder and carry me about. * * * One event is strongly impressed upon my mind. Some one of our boarders gave a dancing party at our house, the old Clarke hotel on the south side of the river. Some of the Baraboo tough element was not invited; that always meant trouble as those neglected gents usually appeared at the ball with their pants in their boot-tops, their hats carelessly, tipped over one eye and a general “devil may care” attitude that never failed to intimidate the ladies, the party would close immediately. This outfit appeared at our house with big Abe in the midst. Of course the party closed.
The toughs picked up a quarrel with some man and a fight seemed imminent. My mother who was yet very weak (as the twins were only about two weeks old) was terribly excited and rushed into the room where my father was trying to get the fellows out. Mother insisted upon leaving the house. Old Abe stood calmly looking on and when he saw her distress he said, ‘Mrs. Clarke, do you want these fellows put out?’ She answered, ‘Yes.’ Then in a slow, quiet way he said, ‘Now Mrs. Clarke, you go right back to your room. I will take care of these fellows. And in a moment one rowdy found himself outside and the others scattered after him, and peace was restored. Afterwards big Abe came over and said to father: ‘Mr. Clarke, you and your wife have always been kind to me and I came with the boys last night just to protect you, for I saw they meant trouble; they thought I was going to clean out the house; they were fooled.’”
Separates From Wife
About 1850 the family went to Prairie du Chien to draw their annuities from the government. There Wood saw his wife for the last time. Just what occurred is not known, but Mrs. Wood and Hannah went to Minnesota with other Indians. In later years Captain Moore went to Mankato to see if Mrs. Wood had signed the deed to the Baraboo claim. He found this to be true. In Minnesota he learned that Mrs. Wood was living with Gassy Bill and she was known as Man-unc-tioncy. Levi Cahoon, now of Baraboo, resided there at the time. Hannah died and was buried in Minnesota. Mrs. Wood sleeps in the reservation cemetery in Nebraska.
Wood and his daughter, Margaret, went from Prairie du Chien to Illinois, where his brother resided. Later the brother and his family, Wood and his daughter came to Barabo
The brother stopped at the log cabin which had been deserted by the Wood family months before, and later moved into the vicinity of Cazenovia. From there he went to California and all trace of the family has been lost.
For a time Wood was employed on the rafts on the river and was at Newport quite often. His daughter resided with different families and became acquainted with Charles W. Perry whose home was in Milton, Wisconsin. They were married at Newport and soon after he went to Milton expecting to return. After some months he finally came back and Wood was so incensed that he shut his son-in-law up when he returned. They all finally decided to go to Milton to visit his family. White there Wood fell from a light wagon as the result of the team starting up suddenly. Mrs. Abigail Mills, George W. Perry, and Mr. And Mrs. C.W. Perry were in the vehicle besides Wood. He fell backward over the rear seat striking on his back and head. His spine was injured and after being at Milton for two weeks was taken to the home of Elder N. A. Perry at Albion, Dane county, where he died three weeks later. He was attended by Dr. S.R. Head, the only physician in that country at the time. He died in great agony, September 25, 1855, aged 60 years. His daughter and her husband were his constant attendants. He was buried in the little church yard at Albion and fifteen years later his remains were moved one and half miles north to a new cemetery. Like the grave of his friend, Walter Rowan, and many other pioneers, the tomb is not marked and its exact location is not known.
Liked Stormy Weather
These facts and incidents were obtained from the local historians and the persons mentioned in the foregoing, as well as E.N. Marsh, Peter Buck, M.C. Johnson, Theron Case, Mrs. Levi Moore and others. Abe Wood was tall, weighed about 200 pounds and had a large head. He seldom if ever shaved. On one foot there were six toes.
He had no use for the customs of today. He cared nothing for the luxuries of the present but rather preferred the stormy weather, the sweep of the wind and the splash of the rain. At times he was kind, at other times he was furious. He was typical of the men who must face the conditions of a rough, new country. He was free and happy as the years went.
The names of many pioneers are identical with place names of a country. In the county Reed, Leland, Logan, Ableman and others have places named for them but not a bluff or town or road or river is named for the first permanent settler of this city.
Wood was typical frontiersman and most of his life was rather closely associated with the Winnebagoes as a trader. He could speak their language and knew their customs. He came to this country as a trader as Father Marquette came as a missionary.
The meager facts and incidents which have been gathered and here presented are interesting only because the cabin which Abe Wood erected and which sheltered his family, was the nucleus of our city of today. His effort was the beginning, the first.
March 14, 1912
The illustration with this article is of Mrs. J.H. Gardner, Wayne, Nebraska, the last survivor of the first family to locate at Baraboo. She celebrated her birthday on Thursday, March 7, and a little story concerning her interesting life will be enjoyed by the readers of this paper. Her father was Abe Wood and her mother was a Winnebago. Her father came from Kentucky and married at Portage. Mrs. Wood had been previously married to a Frenchman but what his name was has been lost in obscurity. At the time of her marriage with Abe Wood she had a daughter named Hannah and she came to be known as Hannah Wood. After leaving Portage the family located at Strawberry point now Winnequa, across the lake to the south from Madison. Here on March 7, 1837, Mrs. Gardner was born. Her father had a trading post with the Indians and after he gave that up they came to Baraboo in June 1839. After a brief stay a short distance north of town, the family moved into a new log cabin which was located on the Ochsner property at the western end of Seventh Avenue. The house was of logs, had one room, half a window and no floor. Their nearest neighbors were at Portage and Sauk City. Her father built a saw mill and she recalls sitting on the bank of the Baraboo River with her Indian mother and sister when the old mill was washed away. She says that her mother never signed the deed to their land and she believes she has some rights in the water power property which lies between Baraboo and Lyons. Afterwards they moved from one place to another and when making a trip to Prairie du Chien to receive the government payment, her mother and sister went with a number of Indians to Minnesota and Mrs. Gardner never saw her mother or sister again. Margaret was but five or six when her parents separated. For a time she lived with families at Baraboo and Newport, went to school in the first building erected for educational purposes in the village and married Charles Perry. They moved to Madison where the first white child lies buried. Afterwards they moved to Nebraska, then to Kansas and afterwards back to Nebraska. At Wayne she married J.H. Gardner a few years ago and she now resides with her daughter. There are two other daughters living, the only son dying in 1902. Her mother died about 1876 and is buried in the reservation in Nebraska. Hannah died and was buried in Minnesota. Not long ago Mrs. Gardner visited Baraboo after an absence of about sixty years. The only thing that looked familiar was the bend in the river between Baraboo and Lyons.
Mrs. Gardner writes that although she has a pleasant home yet her happiest days were those spent upon the banks of the beautiful Baraboo River and playing about her father’s mill. Such in brief, is the story of one who celebrated her birthday on Thursday and who is the last of the first family to establish a home in this city.
The death of Fafay Rowin at Madison some days ago, recalls that his grandparents, Mr. And Mrs. Wallace Rowin, and their children composed the second family to come to Baraboo. They formerly resided at Poynette and one cold day in January crossed the Wisconsin River and after many privations, reached Baraboo. John Rowin of Wonewoc was one of the sons in that pioneer company and he still resides at Wonewoc. John Rowin is a son of the deceased. The burial took place at the old home at Wonewoc. June 22, 1911.